Projects
"Citadel of Apathy"?: Student Activism at UNL, September 1968-May 1969

Project Editor:Jillian Gotfredson, History 470: Digital History, Spring 2008

Active or Apathetic?

Overview
Lincoln, Nebraska: A Reflection of the Movement on a Different Scale
Public Displays of Activism: from protests to talk-ins
Hyde Park Forum
Students Unite: committees, groups, and unions
Who Protests?
What is Apathy?
National Context: a timeline of student activism on campuses
International Context: a timeline of student activism on campuses
Works Cited

Works Cited

Primary Sources

"50 Protest at Souther U." The New York Times. (April 1, 1969).

"103 Are Arrested in Sydney as Students Protest Draft." The New York Times. (April 12, 1969).

"300 Occupy a Hall in Dartmouth Sit-In to Protest ROTC." The New York Times. (April 23, 1969).

"1,300 March in Protest at Wisconsin U." Chicago Tribune. (February 11, 1969).

"5,000 at Portuguese University Strike to Protest Suspensions." The New York Times. (April 24, 1969).

"Administrators leery of New Left meeting." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (September 27, 1968).

Afro Society's twelve demands to bring University response." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (April 21, 1969).

"ASUN committee schedules march to protest discrimination in housing." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (October 3, 1968).

"Belgian Students Protest." The New York Times. (March 28, 1969).

"Biafra, ROTC, march--Hyde Park topics." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (April 17, 1969).

"Black students, administration meet; Regent talk scheduled for Saturday." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (April 1, 1969).

"Campus action group organized." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (September 18, 1968).

"Canada Students Riot, Burn Computer Center." Los Angeles Times. (February 12, 1969).

"Clash at Pakistani College." The New York Times. (January 20, 1969).

"Controversial 'Daily Nebraskan' stirs reader response." 1969 Cornhusker. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska, 1969.

Dietz, John. "NDRU." The Buffalo Chip. Omaha, Nebraska: The Underground Press Syndicate, 1968.

"Draft Resistance Union exists 'in name only.'" The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (March 10, 1969).

Dvorak, John. "Black students find requests met by administrative tokenism." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (April 17, 1969).

Dvorak, John."NFU more student oriented." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (October 7, 1968).

Eckholt, Larry. "No power in student governing." The Daily Nebraskan (November 20, 1968).

Eckholt, Larry. "Word at Nebraska:'restive.'" The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (November 18, 1968).

"Ethiopian Students Protest in Moscow." Los Angeles Times. (March 30, 1969).

"Five hundred students march to City hall." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (October 4, 1968).

"Frankfurt Protest Staged by Students." The New York Times. (March 31, 1969).

"Fretful prevails over forceful---for now." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (December 20, 1968).

Friendly, Alfred.."Milan's Student Revolt Finds a Home in a Seized Hotel." The New York Times. ( January 14, 1969).

Ginn, Bob.. "Apathy at N.U." The Buffalo Chip Omaha, Nebraska: The Underground Press Syndicate, 1968.

Gotfredson, Jillian. "Interview." (Fall 2007).

Government bill vote Thursday." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (November 21, 1968).

Human Rights committee gains approval of Senate." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (February 12, 1968).

Human rights group seeks 'people who want changes.'" The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (September 18, 1968).

"Humlicek says that NFU struggling." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (February 27, 1969).

"Hundreds Protest at U. of Puerto Rico." The New York Times. (March 6, 1969).

"Introduction." 1969 Cornhusker. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska, 1969.

"Issue of existence main party topic." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (September 24, 1968).

Jansons, Donald.."U. of Chicago Protest Seeking Major Change in Hiring Policy." The New York Times. ( February 2, 1969).

Jenkins, Susan. "Formula for student power gain." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (December 4, 1968).

Krim, Robert M.. "Harvard Building is Seized." The Washington Post, Times Herald. ( April 10, 1969).

"'Leaf' our campus trees alone." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (Setpember 9, 1968).

Lees, John M.. "136 Injured in Northern Ireland as Protestants Attack Marchers." The New York Times. (January 5, 1969).

"Lincoln...its true color unveiled." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (December 6, 1968).

Lonquist, Tom. "Open your eyes Nebraskans." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (December 9, 1968).

"March to city hall to dramatize needs." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (October 2, 1968).

Morris, Julie. "Barefoot protesters in park--Hyde Park." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (September 27, 1968).

"NU students protest administration's inability to provide relevant programs." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (April 16, 1969).

"NU students shack up on Love Library lawn to protest space." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (March 7, 1969).

"Piester: youth is qualified to vote." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (October 18, 1968).

"Protest planned with candles." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (September 13, 1968).

"Protests Held in Israel." The New York Times. (January 17 1969).

Powell, Rodney. "In retrospect it's been a gray year." 1969 Cornhusker. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska, 1969.

"Rebels Seize Office at Buffalo University." The Washington Post, Times Herald. (March 20, 1969).

"Rebels Shift Sit-In at Purdue." Chicago Tribune. (May 7, 1969).

Reinhold, Robert. "400 Police quell Harvard Uprising." The New York Times. (April 11, 1969).

" Rioting Flares During Rocky's Honduras Visit." Chicago Tribune. ( May 16, 1969).

"Sarah Lawrence Protest." The New York Times. (March 8, 1969).

Schule, Tom. "Campus Opinion." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (December 4, 1968).

Schuster, Alvin. 2,000 Youths at Prague Rally Denounce Occupation Powers." The New York Times. (January 16, 1969).

"SDS demonstrators hosted by business-minded Faculty Senate." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (November 11, 1968).

Shabecoff, Philip. Century-old Tokyo University Shaken by Riots." The New York Times. (January 11, 1969).

"Shortage of space in Love Library to become object of student protest." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (March 6, 1969).

"Stanford Building Held to Protest War Studies." The Washington Post, Times Herald. (April 11, 1969).

"Student power--potent as a wet powder keg." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (November 22, 1968).

"Students Boycott Classes in Brazil" The New York Times. (May 9, 1969).

"Students Protest Russ Treatment of Jews." Chicago Tribune. (February 3, 1969).

Time Out program." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (October 28, 1968).

Todd, Jack. Guess who didn't come to dinner." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (1968).

Todd, Jack. A Revolution That Wasn't." The Daily Nebraskan. Lincoln, Nebraska. (September 24, 1968).

Todd, Jack. Student power-'a bastard offspring.'" 1969 Cornhusker. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska, 1969.

"Two Killed in Italian Rioting." Los Angeles Times. (April 10, 1969).

United Press International. Ferment on Other Campuses." The New York Times. (February 28, 1969).

United Press International. Students End Siege on U. of Minnesota Campus." The New York Times. (January 16, 1969).

Secondary Sources

Bass, Jack. "Documenting the Orangeburg Massacre." Nieman Reports.57 No. 3 (Fall 2003): 8-11.

Dittmer, John. Local People: the struggle for civil rights in Mississippi. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

Flacks, Richard. "Who Protests: The Social Bases of the Student Movement." Protest! Student Activism in America. New York, New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1970.

Heineman, Kenneth J.. Put Your Bodies Upon the Wheels: Student Revolt in the 1960s. Chicago, Illinois: Ivan R. Dee, 2001.

Katsiaficas, George. The Imagination of the New Left: a global analysis of 1968. Cambridge, Massachusetts: South End Press, 1987.

Kerr, Clark. "Student Dissent and Confrontation Politics." Protest! Student Activism in America. New York, New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1970.

Kurlansky, Mark. 1968-The Year That Rocked the World. New York, New York: Random House, Inc., 2004.

Levine, Maryl and John Naisbitt. Right On: a documentary on student protest. New York, New York: Bantam Books, 1970.

Lieberman, Robbie. Prairie Power: Voices of 1960s Midwestern Student Protest. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 2004.

"Londontown. Speaker's Corner." Londontown.com. www.londontown.com/LondonInformation/Attraction/Speakers_Corner/4460/

"Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Apathy" Merriam-Webster.com. www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/apathy

Miller, Ellen., Lori Beth Slater, Daisy Torres, & Rosemary Zapata. "William Straight Hall Takeover." Campus Unrest at Cornellwww.instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/courses/dsoc375/studentproj/Website/

Online Etymology Dictionary. "Apathy" Dictionary.reference.com. www.dictionary.reference.com/browse/apathy

Rosemont, Franklin. "Bughouse Square." Encyclopedia of Chicago.www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/178.html

Rosenzweig, Bernice. "The Black Student Protest Movement at Douglass College." Rutgers University Libraries.www.libraries.rutgers.edu/rul/libs/scua/douglass_scholars/article10.shtml

"Urban Dictionary. Apathy" UrbanDictionary.com. www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=apathy