According to the Centennial History of the University of Nebraska, professors at the University of Nebraska were generally intelligent and masters of the subject they taught. A large number of older professors went to the university in their youth and dedicated their lives to teaching at the school. However, the faculty faced many hardships during the 1890s because of the depression. Professors were still regarded as teachers in Canfield's time. When Maclean took over, he wanted to change the image of university faculty by giving them the resources to conduct their own research (Manley). By 1899, the faculty consisted for about forty teachers.